Lambeth archivist Jon Newman has written a short piece about Lambeth windmills in the latest edition of Lambeth Talk, the quarterly newsletter from Lambeth Council.
Brixton Windmill is the only surviving mill in Lambeth, but 200 years ago there were at least a dozen. Jon explains that they were clustered in two main locations: along the flatlands of the Thames, to catch the breeze from the river, and on top of the hills in the south of the borough – there were two on Brixton Hill, along with others on Knights Hill, Crown Point and Westow Hill.
The riverside mills were mainly industrial, providing power for sawing timber or grinding chalk or drugs. By contrast, the southern mills were largely agricultural, grinding corn for flour.
The article is illustrated with paintings, prints and photos from the archives.
If you haven’t seen the newsletter, you can download it (the article is on pages 18-19).